There is no wonder in you getting curious about the history of medicine since all over lives are so dependent on medication and its advancement over time. Today when the whole medical is fighting with the novel coronavirus, let us explore how medical science reached the way it is today.
What is medicine?
It involves different healthcare practices to maintain and restore health by either preventing or treating the disease.
The historians have identified the traces of medical practices at Babylon, Egypt, India, and China. It is considered as the Indian Physician Sushruta (known as the father of surgery and father of plastic surgery) introduced the basic concepts of diagnosis and prognosis. Diagnosis is the process of identifying the diseases and knowing the symptoms, whereas the forecast is the medical term for predicting the expected development of the illness.
Who is the father of medicine?
You might be aware of the Hippocrates’ oath the medical students take on their graduation day because Hippocrates is known as the father of modern medicine. He lived almost 2400 years ago that around 300 B.C. in Greek. He wrote more than seventy books about the many diseases and their scientific treatment after the detailed observation. The Athenians were indebted to Hippocrates since he saved them from the tragic plague epidemic. He also used painkillers in his treatment methodologies an abstract from a tree, which was called “salycasia” (similar to present-day aspirin).
Who is the father of medicine in India?
Maharshi Charka, who lived around 150 BC, is considered as the principal contributor of Ayurveda (the system of medicine and lifestyle of ancient India). He is also known for his contribution to Indian medicine through his book “Charaka Samhita” written in Sanskrit. “Charka Samhita” by Maharshi Charka and “Sushruta Samhita” by ancient Indian physician Sushruta are considered the two fundamental texts of Ayurveda.
History of Modern Medicine:
let us now take a look at the history of medicine that is close to this 21st century. Modern medicine emerged in the eighteenth century after the industrial revolution. As we know how rapid industrialization caused the spread of infectious disease, let us look at how modern medicine and medical equipment evolved. When people started to work in industries, there was a rapid increase in lung and skin diseases, jaw necrosis, etc. The visit of foreigners carrying contagious diseases like yellow fever, cholera, typhus, etc. created a dreadful situation in England.
French microbiologist, Louis Pasteur’s invention of vaccination, saved so many lives, and the death toll decreased from affecting infectious disease in the year 1861 is termed as Germ Theory. The accidental invention of x-rays in 1895 by Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen helped in detecting cysts and tumors and also the damage to several organs of the body. The discovery of penicillin the first antibiotic in 1928 by Alexander Fleming and the first organ transplant done in the year 1954 has made significant changes in the world of medical sciences.
The various studies and discoveries in the field of medicine have helped in treating and saving the lives of people, and now the world has even discovered the vaccine for COVID-19 that struck the world in 2020. You might have got an idea of how the medicine healed and gave us a better life.